Parallel with the other branches of art that flourished during the 20th century the fine arts was developing. With G. Brutyans efforts the first art exhibition was organized in the city in 1913, in 1916 the first artist’s union was established. In 1921 the first art school was opened in Alexandrapol and the first painting school of the southern Caucasus. Due to S. Merkurov and V. Sherishev the first samples of sculpture and the decorative art occured in the city. After the patriotic war with the efforts of M. Avetisyan, H. Minasyan, A. Melkonyan and others the decorative sculpting and monumental landscape painting started to develop.
In 1945 the Leninakan department of artist’s union was established and in 1981 the branch of Armenia’s gallery was opened in Leninakan.